COMMITTEE ON HUMAN RIGHTS
The Committee on Human Rights (CHR), created in 1976, is a standing committee of the National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. It uses the influence and prestige of the institutions it represents in behalf of scientists, engineers, and health professionals anywhere in the world who are unjustly detained or imprisoned for exercising their basic human rights as promulgated by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). More information about the CHR.
INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS NETWORK
The CHR also serves as the secretariat of the International Human Rights Network of Academies and Scholarly Societies (H.R. Network). It works to address grave issues of science and human rights, particularly the unjust detention or imprisonment of scientists, scholars, engineers, and health professionals throughout the world. It seeks to promote the free exchange of ideas and opinions among scientists and scholars in all countries, and it stands in solidarity with sister national academies and scholarly societies worldwide to support their independence and autonomy. More information about the H.R. Network.
In the spotlight
Two Iranian Baha’i Colleagues Released from Prison
May 15, 2015
On April 29, 2015, two Iranian Baha’i colleagues, whose cases were undertaken by the CHR, were released from prison. They are Mahmoud Badavam, an engineer and physics lecturer, and Ramin Zibaie, a psychologist and university dean. Both served their entire four year sentences under harsh conditions of confinement at Raja’i Shahr prison.
At the time of their arrests, Mr. Badavam and Mr. Zibaie were professors and administrators at the Baha’i Institute for Higher Education (BIHE), a university that provides education to Baha’i students who are prohibited, because of their religious faith, from attending universities and government-sponsored institutions of higher learning in Iran. (Classes are held online and in private homes. Volunteer faculty members help the university maintain high academic standards, and many graduates go on to pursue advanced degrees abroad. The quality of the coursework has been recognized and accepted for credit by more than 50 universities outside of Iran.)
In May 2011, Iranian Ministry of Intelligence officials conducted coordinated raids in several Iranian cities on the homes of over 30 Baha’is associated with the BIHE, including Mr. Badavam and Mr. Zibaie. They were arrested and charged with “membership in the deviant Bahaist sect, with the goal of taking action against the security of the country, in order to further the aims of the deviant sect and those of organizations outside the country.” Following an unfair trial, Mr. Badavam and Mr. Zibaie were convicted and sentenced to four years in prison. The CHR regularly raised their cases with high-level Iranian officials and is pleased that they are reunited with their families.
Bahraini Health Professional Released after Serving Three-Year Sentence
May 15, 2015
On April 28, 2015, Ebrahim al-Demistani, a Bahraini nurse and first aid provider, was released from Jaw prison after serving his entire three-year sentence. The CHR is heartened to know that he is reunited with his family and will be able to obtain the much-needed medical care that he was denied while in prison.
In March 2011, when Bahraini security forces violently cracked down on protesters who had taken to the streets to call for political reforms, Mr. al-Demistani was one of dozens of health professionals who went to Manama’s main public hospital to treat the wounded protesters. He spent much of the following weeks providing medical treatment to hundreds of civilians severely injured by tear gas canisters and bird-shot pellets. During this time, he saw security forces prevent ambulances from bringing injured protesters to the hospital and patients who were taken from their hospital beds to jail. When foreign journalists at the hospital questioned him, Mr. al-Demistani told them what he had witnessed and criticized the government’s violent actions and failure to help the injured to obtain medical care. He was among a group of 20 health professionals who were arrested in late March and April 2011, allegedly tortured, and convicted following an unjust trial before a military court. Originally sentenced to 15 years in prison, Mr. al-Demistani’s sentence was eventually reduced to three years on appeal following widespread international criticism of the Bahraini government’s handling of the protests.
Chinese-Born U.S. Geologist Xue Feng Released 10 Months Early
May 15, 2015
On April 3, 2015, Xue Feng was released from Beijing’s No. 2 prison and deported to the United States, where he has been reunited with his wife and children in Houston. He spent more than seven years in jail for allegedly “gathering information” and “illegally sending state secrets abroad.” Originally sentenced to eight years’ imprisonment and a fine, to be followed by immediate exile from China, Dr. Xue was released 10 months early, reportedly for good behavior.
Dr. Xue is a 50-year-old geologist, who pursued his graduate studies at the University of Chicago and subsequently became a naturalized U.S. citizen. In 2005, while working for IHS Energy, a U.S. energy consulting company, Dr. Xue arranged for the company’s purchase of a database concerning the location of and other geological information about 32,000 Chinese oil wells. In November 2007, while on a business trip to China, he was detained. More than 1-1/2 years later, in proceedings that failed to meet international fair trial standards, he was convicted of passing on state secrets for arranging the acquisition of the database. According to Dr. Xue’s lawyers, the information in the database was in the public domain at the time IHS purchased it and was retroactively classified as a state secret by the Chinese government many months after his detention. Following Dr. Xue’s conviction, IHS Energy confirmed that it had never been informed of any wrongdoing by the Chinese government and had never been asked by Chinese authorities to remove any of the information obtained from Dr. Xue from its public materials concerning China. The CHR wrote several letters to the Chinese government appealing for Dr. Xue’s release from prison and is delighted at the recent news.
Myanmarese Medical Doctor Tun Aung Conditionally Released
January 23, 2015
Tun Aung, a 65-year-old Myanmarese medical doctor and chair of the Islamic Religious Affairs Council in Maungdaw, was released on January 19, 2015, after more than two and half years in prison. The week before his release, he was interviewed in prison by U.N. Special Rapporteur on Myanmar Yanghee Lee during her second official trip to Myanmar. According to Amnesty International, Dr. Tun Aung's release was conditional. Although it is not clear what the conditions are, he is at risk of rearrest and imprisonment. Sentenced to 17 years for allegedly inciting violence following an unfair trial, Dr. Tun Aung was subsequently granted a nine-year reduction in his sentence through a presidential pardon and several additional reductions in the form of amnesties. He was due to be released in late 2015.
Rebecca Everly Joins the CHR as Director
January 26, 2015
The CHR is delighted to welcome Rebecca Everly as its new Director. Dr. Everly received her PhD from the Cambridge University Centre of International Studies, and also holds a JD and LLM from Duke University. She comes to us most recently from International Women’s Rights Action Watch Asia Pacific, where she coordinated a five-country study on the strategic use of human rights institutions to promote the rights of women and girls. Her prior experience includes positions in the International Development Law Organization, the Centre for Promotion of Human Rights Teaching and Research at Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi, the Office of the High Representative in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the State Department.
International Human Rights Day
December 10, 2014
Today, on the occasion of the 67th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), Professor Sidney Verba, Chairman of the Committee on Human Rights of the National Academies, reminds scientists throughout the world of the unjust imprisonment of their scientific colleague, and urges them to reaffirm today their commitment to actively support those colleagues “whose rights are ignored and abused.” He reminds them of the importance of the UDHR to their work as scientists and to the advancement of science itself. He goes on to call on the United Nations Security Council to “urgently ensure implementation of Resolution 2139” in relation to the continuing crisis in Syria and reminds the member countries of the council’s 2014 call for respect of “the principle of medical neutrality and free passage for medical personnel, equipment, and transport” in Syria. Statement by Dr. Verba.
Tajik Doctoral Student Permitted to Leave Tajikistan
September 12, 2014
Earlier this week the Tajik authorities lifted travel restrictions on Alexander Sodiqov, a Tajik doctoral student in political science at the University of Toronto. He arrived in Toronto on Wednesday, September 10 to resume his studies and was joined the following day by his wife and daughter.
|Alexander Sodiqov and wife Musharaff Sodiqova |
Mr. Sodiqov was arrested on June 16, 2014, in the restive autonomous region of Gorno-Badakshan (GBAO) in Tajikistan, where he was undertaking academic research on conflict resolution for the U.K.’s University of Exeter. A month earlier several people were killed and some half dozen people were injured during a police operation against suspected criminals, which led to clashes between the security forces and local residents who were protesting against the use of excessive force by police.
Mr. Sodiqov was detained while interviewing one of the protest leaders. When the authorities accused him of “subversion and espionage,” stating that his email account contained evidence that he was working for a foreign intelligence agency, the CHR investigated the case, spoke with knowledgeable and trustworthy sources, issued an Action Alert, and wrote several formal inquiries to Tajik government authorities in English and Russian. A month later he was released on bail while the investigation continued. Mr. Sodiqov’s doctoral adviser, Associate Professor of Political Science Edward Schatz, told the CHR today that the investigation has not been officially closed but will expire in one year. Given that Mr. Sodiqov was allowed to leave Tajikistan despite the serious nature of the initial accusations made against him, it is expected that the case will be officially closed in the near future or simply left to expire after one year.
Network Issues Press Release Following 11th Biennial Meeting
June 3, 2014
On the occasion of the 11th biennial meeting of the International Human Rights Network of Academies and Scholarly Societies (Network) hosted last week by the German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina in Halle, grave human rights abuses perpetrated against scientific colleagues in several countries were presented. In particular, distinguished representatives from 29 national academies discussed and condemned the blatant abuse of health professionals and violation of the principle of medical neutrality in Syria--the primary focus of this statement by the Network's Executive Committee. Read press release and symposium program. Also see article from the Academy of Science of South Africa.
British chemist Robin Perutz described his impressions as representative of the Royal Society to the May 26-28 Eleventh Biennial Meeting of the International Human Rights Network of Academies and Scholarly Societies. Read the Royal Society's science policy blog.
Medical Doctor and Former Rector of the University of Istanbul, Released by Turkish authorities
March 12, 2014
The CHR learned yesterday from colleagues in Turkey that Kemal Alemdaroglu had just been released from Silivri prison and returned home. We have been working closely with his family and expect they will send us details about the circumstances of his release in the coming days. Meanwhile, we wanted to share the good news and to thank our “Correspondents,” and Network participating academies for their many interventions in Dr. Alemdaroglu’s behalf. For background information on his case and the Ergenekon Trial, see our 2013 report, Scientists, Engineers, and Medical Doctors in Turkey: A Human Rights Mission.
Turkish Medical Doctor Fatih Hilmioglu Released on Medical Grounds
February 20, 2014
The CHR has just learned from Turkish colleagues that Dr. Fatih Hilmioglu has been granted a precautionary release from Silivri prison on medical grounds. Turkish doctors have testified that he suffers from stage three liver cancer. The Constitutional Court made the ruling one day after Dr. Hilmioglu's lawyers submitted a report by a team of medical experts stating that the medical treatment Dr. Hilmioglu requires would not be possible in the Silivri prison facility. Dr. Hilmioglu's lawyer has stated to the press that the Constitutional Court's ruling was taken as a precaution, and was the first of its kind. Read more
CHR Director Carol Corillon Speaks at Gresham College
• Academics urged to do more on human rights, Times Higher Education, December 13, 2013
Turkish Engineer Kemal Gürüz Released from Prison Pending Trial Outcome
Dr. Kemal Guruz (left) and Dr. Mehmet Haberal (right) with former NAS President Dr. Bruce Alberts in September 2013.
September 5, 2013
CHR has just been informed about the release of Kemal Gürüz, former head of the Higher Education Board (YÖK) in Turkey, by his wife Guniz. The court ordered his release from prison pending the outcome of the February 29 Postmodern Coup Trial, which began earlier this week. The only non-member of the military charged in the trial, he had been held in prison since June 2012. At the end of August, he was sentenced in another trial, called Ergenekon, to 13 years 11 months in prison. He is permitted to remain free pending the outcome of his appeal. For more information on Professor Gürüz's case, see the report below.
Scientists, Engineers, and Medical Doctors in Turkey: A Human Rights Mission: A report to the International Human Rights Network of Academies and Scholarly Societies by Carol Corillon, Peter Diamond, and Hans-Peter Zenner
The report follows a mission undertaken by the three authors in February, which included visits to Sincan high security prison outside the capital, Ankara, and to Silivri high security prison, about a two-hour drive from Istanbul. The report describes four enormous and highly-irregular political trials heard by the otherwise defunct “High Criminal Courts.”
Read More In the Spotlight