In Support of Scientific Exchange
(The article below was published in the June 13, 2002 issue of Nature.)
The International Human Rights Network of Academies and Scholarly Societies was created to address grave issues of science and human rights throughout the world. It aims to put into practice the professional duty of scientists and scholars to assist those colleagues whose human rights have been--or are threatened to be--infringed and to promote and protect the independence of academies and scholarly societies worldwide. The basis of the network's activities is the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
The network seeks to promote the free exchange of ideas and opinions among scientists and scholars in all countries and, thereby, to stimulate the development of collaborative educational, research and human-rights endeavors within academies and the institutions with which they are affiliated.
Moratoria on scientific exchanges based on nationality, race, sex, language, religion, opinion and similar factors thwart the network's goals. They would deny our colleagues their rights to freedom of opinion and expression; interfere with their ability to exercise their bona fide academic freedoms; inhibit the free circulation of scientists and scientific ideas; and impose unjust punishment. They would also be an impediment to the instrumental role played by scientists and scholars in the promotion of peace and human rights.
This statement, although that of a general principle with universal applicability, was prompted by a petition (see Nature 417, 1 and 221-222; 2002) that advocates a moratorium on all grants and contracts to Israel from European cultural and research institutions. The moratorium being advocated, although surely well-intentioned, is misguided and inevitably counterproductive.
We all look forward to an equitable solution to the crisis in the Middle East, with lasting peace and stability for both Israel and the Palestinian Authority. But, the strongest impact of a moratorium would, rather than influence Israeli policy-makers, seriously and unfairly harm our scientific colleagues in Israel—many of whom have actively promoted peace through collegial engagement and open communication among academic centers in the region.
Arjuna Aluwihare, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka
Claude Cohen-Tannoudji, College de France, Paris, France
Ayse Erzan, Istanbul Technical University, Turkey
François Jacob, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France
John Polanyi, University of Toronto, Canada
Pieter van Dijk, Former Professor of Public International Law, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
Edoardo Vesentini, Politecnico de Torino, Italy
Torsten Wiesel, The Rockfeller University, New York, USA
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This statement was issued on 28 April 2002 by the members of the executive committee of the International Human Rights Network of Academies and Scholarly Societies. It was sent privately to some 60 national academies affiliated with the network. In response to a request by Nature, the committee (whose members' institutions are listed for identification purposes only) has agreed to its publication--Editor, Correspondence.