The National Academies: Advisers to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine
NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES NATIONAL ACADEMY OF ENGINEERING INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL
Current Operating Status

The National Academies Testimony before Congress

Public Laws Containing Studies for the National Academies

Briefings to Congress

Congressionally Mandated Reports

Policy Statements and Historical Documents

The OCGA staff

Request a Report (Congressional and Government Staff Only)


Mailing Address:
The Office of Congressional and Government Affairs
The Keck Center of the National Academies
Keck WS1008
500 Fifth Street, NW
Washington, DC 20001
Tel: (202) 334-1601
Fax: (202) 334-2419

Back to Main Page


Title of Law:Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century
Law #:Public Law 105-178
Passed by Congress:105th Congress (2nd Session)

The following are excerpts, highlighted in red, from the final legislation and/or conference report which contain NRC studies. (Pound signs [##] between passages denote the deletion of unrelated text.)

HR2400 Shuster (R-PA) 05/22/98
Enrolled (finally passed both houses)

To authorize funds for Federal-aid highways, highway safety programs, and transit programs, and for other purposes.
--- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---

######

SEC. 1110. CONGESTION MITIGATION AND AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM.

(a) ESTABLISHMENT OF PROGRAM.--Section 149(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by inserting after "establish" the following: "and implement".

######

(e) STUDY OF CMAQ PROGRAM.--

(1) IN GENERAL.--The Secretary and the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency shall enter into arrangements with the National Academy of Sciences to complete, by not later than January 1, 2001, a study of the congestion mitigation and air quality improvement program under section 149 of title 23, United States Code. The study shall, at a minimum--

(A) evaluate the air quality impacts of emissions from motor vehicles;

(B) evaluate the negative effects of traffic congestion, including the economic effects of time lost due to congestion;

(C) determine the amount of funds obligated under the program and make a comprehensive analysis of the types of projects funded under the program;

(D) evaluate the emissions reductions attributable to projects of various types that have been funded under the program;

(E) assess the effectiveness, including the quantitative and nonquantitative benefits, of projects funded under the program and include, in the assessment, an estimate of the cost per ton of pollution reduction;

(F) assess the cost effectiveness of projects funded under the program with respect to congestion mitigation;

(G) compare--

(i) the costs of achieving the air pollutant emissions reductions achieved under the program; to

(ii) the costs that would be incurred if similar reductions were achieved by other measures, including pollution controls on stationary sources;

(H) include recommendations on improvements, including other types of projects, that will increase the overall effectiveness of the program;

(I) include recommendations on expanding the scope of the program to address traffic-related pollutants that, as of the date of the study, are not addressed by the program.

(2) REPORT.--Not later than January 1, 2000, the National Academy of Sciences shall transmit to the Secretary, the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure and the Committee on Commerce of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate a report on the results of the study with recommendations for modifications to the congestion mitigation and air quality improvement program in light of the results of the study.

(3) FUNDING.--Before making the apportionment of funds under section 104(b)(2) of title 23, United States Code, for each of fiscal years 1999 and 2000, the Secretary shall deduct from the amount to be apportioned under such section for such fiscal year, and make available, $500,000 for such fiscal year to carry out this subsection.

SEC. 1212. MISCELLANEOUS.

######

(b) INFRASTRUCTURE AWARENESS PROGRAM.--

(1) IN GENERAL.--The Secretary is authorized to fund the production, in cooperation with a not-for-profit national public television station and the National Academy of Engineering, of a documentary about infrastructure that shall demonstrate how public works and infrastructure projects stimulate job growth and the economy and contribute to the general welfare of the Nation.

(2) FEDERAL SHARE.--

(A) IN GENERAL.--The Federal share of the cost of production of the documentary shall be 60 percent. The non-Federal share shall be provided from private sources and shall include amounts expended by such sources for the production before the date of enactment of this Act.

(B) CALCULATION.--The calculation of the Federal and non-Federal shares under this paragraph shall be made over the term for which sums are authorized to be appropriated under paragraph (3).

(3) FUNDING.--There is authorized to be appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) to carry out this subsection $888,000 for fiscal year 1998, and $1,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1999 and 2000. Such funds shall remain available until expended.

(4) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23.--Funds authorized by this paragraph shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if such funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code; except that the Federal share of the cost of any project under this subsection and the availability of funds authorized by this subsection shall be determined in accordance with this subsection.

SEC. 1213. STUDIES AND REPORTS.

######

(i) COMMERCIAL MOTOR VEHICLE STUDY.--

(1) IN GENERAL.--The Secretary shall request the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences to conduct a study regarding the regulation of weights, lengths, and widths of commercial motor vehicles operating on Federal-aid highways to which Federal regulations apply on the date of enactment of this Act. In conducting the study, the oard shall review law, regulations, studies (including Transportation Research Board Special Report 225), and practices and develop recommendations regarding any revisions to law and regulations that the Board determines appropriate.

(2) FACTORS TO CONSIDER AND EVALUATE.--In developing recommendations under paragraph (1), the Board shall consider and evaluate the impact of the recommendations described in paragraph (1) on the economy, the environment, safety, and service to communities.

(3) CONSULTATION.--In carrying out the study, the Board shall consult with the Department of Transportation, States, the motor carrier industry, freight shippers, highway safety groups, air quality and natural resource management groups, commercial motor vehicle driver representatives, and other appropriate entities.

(4) REPORT.--Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Board shall transmit to Congress and the Secretary a report on the results of the study conducted under this subsection.

(5) RECOMMENDATIONS.--Not later than 180 days after the date of receipt of the report under paragraph (4), the Secretary may transmit to Congress a report containing comments or recommendations of the Secretary regarding the Board's report.

(6) FUNDING.--There is authorized to be appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) $250,000 for each of fiscal years 1999 and 2000 to carry out this subsection.

(7) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23.--Funds made available to carry out this subsection shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if such funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code; except that the Federal share of the cost of the study under this subsection shall be 100 percent and such funds shall remain available until expended.

######

SEC. 3032. CONTRACTING OUT STUDY.

(a) STUDY.--Not later than 3 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall enter into an agreement with the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences to conduct a study of the effect of contracting out mass transportation operation and administrative functions on cost, availability and level of service, efficiency, safety, quality of services provided to transit-dependent populations, and employer-employee relations.

(b) TERMS OF AGREEMENT.--The agreement entered into in subsection (a) shall provide that--

(1) the Transportation Research Board, in conducting the study, consider the number of grant recipients that have contracted out services, the size of the population served by such grant recipients, the basis for decisions regarding contracting out, and the extent to which contracting out was affected by the integration and coordination of resources of transit agencies and other Federal agencies and programs; and

(2) the panel conducting the study shall include representatives of transit agencies, employees of transit agencies, private contractors, academic and policy analysts, and other interested persons.

(c) REPORT.--Not later than 24 months after the date of entry into the agreement under subsection (a), the Secretary shall transmit to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate a report containing the results of the study.

(d) FUNDING.--There shall be available from the Mass Transit Account of the Highway Trust Fund to carry out this section $250,000 for fiscal year 1998.

(e) CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATION.--Entry into an agreement to carry out this section that is financed with amounts made available under subsection (c) is a contractual obligation of the United States to pay the Government's share of the cost of the study.

######

SEC. 4030. SCHOOL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY.

(a) STUDY.--Not later than 3 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall offer to enter into an agreement with the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences to conduct, subject to the availability of appropriations, a study of the safety issues attendant to the transportation of school children to and from school and school-related activities by various transportation modes.

(b) TERMS OF AGREEMENT.--The agreement under subsection (a) shall provide that--

(1) the Transportation Research Board, in conducting the study, shall consider--

(A) in consultation with the National Transportation Safety Board, the Bureau of Transportation Statistics, and other relevant entities, available crash injury data;

(B) vehicle design and driver training requirements, routing, and operational factors that affect safety; and

(C) other factors that the Secretary considers to be appropriate;

(2) if the data referred to in paragraph (1)(A) is unavailable or insufficient, the Transportation Research Board shall recommend a new data collection regimen and implementation guidelines; and

(3) a panel shall conduct the study and shall include--

(A) representatives of--

(i) highway safety organizations;

(ii) school transportation;

(iii) mass transportation operators;

(iv) employee organizations; and

(v) bicycling organizations;

(B) academic and policy analysts; and

(C) other interested parties.

(c) REPORT.--Not later than 12 months after the Secretary enters into an agreement under subsection (a), the Secretary shall transmit to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a report that contains the results of the study.

(d) AUTHORIZATION.--There are authorized to be appropriated to the Department of Transportation to carry out this section $200,000 for fiscal year 2000 and $200,000 for fiscal year 2001. Such sums shall remain available until expended.

######

SEC. 5102. SURFACE TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH.

Chapter 5 of title 23, United States Code (as added by section 5101 of this title), is amended by adding at the end the following: "S 502. Surface transportation research

"(a) GENERAL AUTHORITY.--

"(1) RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER ACTIVITIES.--The Secretary may carry out research, development, and technology transfer activities with respect to--

"(A) motor carrier transportation;

"(B) all phases of transportation planning and development (including construction, operation, modernization, development, design, maintenance, safety, financing, and traffic conditions); and

"(C) the effect of State laws on the activities described in subparagraphs (A) and (B).

"(2) TESTS AND DEVELOPMENT.--The Secretary may test, develop, or assist in testing and developing any material, invention, patented article, or process.

"(3) COOPERATION, GRANTS, AND CONTRACTS.--The Secretary may carry out this section--

"(A) independently;

"(B) in cooperation with other Federal departments, agencies, and instrumentalities and Federal laboratories; or

"(C) by making grants to, or entering into contracts, cooperative agreements, and other transactions with, the

National Academy of Sciences, the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, or any Federal laboratory, State agency, authority, association, institution, for-profit or nonprofit corporation, organization, foreign country, or person.

"(4) TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION.--The programs and activities carried out under this section shall be consistent with the surface transportation research and technology development strategic plan developed under section 508.

"(5) FUNDS.--

"(A) SPECIAL ACCOUNT.--In addition to other funds made available to carry out this section, the Secretary shall use such funds as may be deposited by any cooperating organization or person in a special account of the Treasury established for this purpose.

"(B) USE OF FUNDS.--The Secretary shall use funds made available to carry out this section to develop, administer, communicate, and promote the use of products of research, development, and technology transfer programs under this section.

######

SEC. 5107. SURFACE TRANSPORTATION-ENVIRONMENT COOPERATIVE RESEARCH PROGRAM.

Chapter 5 of title 23, United States Code (as added by section 5101 of this title), is amended by adding at the end the following: "S 507. Surface transportation-environment cooperative research program

"(a) IN GENERAL.--The Secretary shall establish and carry out a surface transportation-environment cooperative research program.

"(b) CONTENTS.--The program to be carried out under this section shall include research designed--

"(1) to develop more accurate models for evaluating transportation control measures and transportation system designs that are appropriate for use by State and local governments, including metropolitan planning organizations, in designing implementation plans to meet Federal, State, and local environmental requirements;

"(2) to improve understanding of the factors that contribute to the demand for transportation, including transportation system design, demographic change, land use planning, and communications and other information technologies;

"(3) to develop indicators of economic, social, and environmental performance of transportation systems to facilitate analysis of potential alternatives;

"(4) to study the relationship between highway density and ecosystem integrity, including the impacts of highway density on habitat integrity and overall ecosystem health, and develop a rapid assessment methodology for use by transportation and regulatory agencies in determining the relationship between highway density and ecosystem integrity; and

"(5) to meet additional priorities as determined by the advisory board established under subsection (c), including recommendations of the National Research Council in the report entitled `Environmental Research Needs in Transportation'.

"(c) ADVISORY BOARD.--

"(1) ESTABLISHMENT.--In consultation with the Secretary of Energy, the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, and the heads of other appropriate Federal departments and agencies, the Secretary shall establish an advisory board to recommend environmental and energy conservation research, technology, and technology transfer activities related to surface transportation.

"(2) MEMBERSHIP.--The advisory board shall include--

"(A) representatives of State transportation and environmental agencies;

"(B) transportation and environmental scientists and engineers; and

"(C) representatives of metropolitan planning organizations, transit operating agencies, and environmental organizations.

"(d) NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES.--The Secretary may make grants to, and enter into cooperative agreements with, the National Academy of Sciences to carry out such activities relating to the research, technology, and technology transfer activities described in subsection (b) as the Secretary determines appropriate.".

SEC. 5108. SURFACE TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH STRATEGIC PLANNING.

######

"(c) SURFACE TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIC PLAN.--

"(1) DEVELOPMENT.--The Secretary shall develop an integrated surface transportation research and technology

development strategic plan.

"(2) CONTENTS.--The plan shall include--

"(A) an identification of the general goals and objectives of the Department of Transportation for surface transportation research and development;

"(B) a description of the roles of the Department and other Federal agencies in achieving the goals identified under subparagraph (A), in order to avoid unnecessary duplication of effort;

"(C) a description of the overall strategy of the Department, and the role of each of the operating administrations of the Department, in carrying out the plan over the next 5 years, including a description of procedures for coordination of the efforts of the Secretary with the efforts of the operating administrations of the Department and other Federal agencies;

"(D) an assessment of how State and local research and technology development activities are contributing to the achievement of the goals identified under subparagraph (A);

"(E) details of the surface transportation research and technology development programs of the Department, including performance goals, resources needed to achieve those goals, and performance indicators as described in section 1115(a) of title 31, United States Code, for the next 5 years for each area of research and technology development;

"(F) significant comments on the plan obtained from outside sources; and

"(G) responses to significant comments obtained from the National Research Council and other advisory bodies, and a description of any corrective actions taken pursuant to such comments.

"(3) NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL REVIEW.--The Secretary shall enter into an agreement for the review by the National Research Council of the details of each--

"(A) strategic plan or revision required under section 306 of title 5;

"(B) performance plan required under section 1115 of title 31; and

"(C) program performance report required under section 1116, with respect to surface transportation research and technology development.

"(4) PERFORMANCE PLANS AND REPORTS.--In reports submitted under sections 1115 and 1116 of title 31, the Secretary shall include--

"(A) a summary of the results for the previous fiscal year of surface transportation research and technology development programs to which the Department of Transportation contributes, along with--

"(i) an analysis of the relationship between those results and the goals identified under paragraph (2)(A); and

"(ii) a description of the methodology used for assessing the results; and

"(B) a description of significant surface transportation research and technology development initiatives, if any, undertaken during the previous fiscal year that were not in the plan developed under paragraph (1), and any significant changes in the plan from the previous year's plan.

"(d) MERIT REVIEW AND PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this section, the Secretary shall transmit to Congress a report describing competitive merit review procedures for use in selecting grantees and contractors in the programs covered by the plan developed under subsection (c) and performance measurement procedures for evaluating the programs.

"(e) PROCUREMENT PROCEDURES.--The Secretary shall--

"(1) develop model procurement procedures that encourage the use of advanced technologies; and

"(2) develop model transactions for carrying out and coordinating Federal and State surface transportation research and technology development activities.

"(f) CONSISTENCY WITH GOVERNMENT PERFORMANCE AND RESULTS ACT OF 1993.--The plans and reports developed under this section shall be consistent with and incorporated as part of the plans developed under section 306 of title 5 and sections 1115 and 1116 of title 31.".

######

SEC. 5112. STUDY OF FUTURE STRATEGIC HIGHWAY RESEARCH PROGRAM.

(a) STUDY.--Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall make a grant to, or enter into a cooperative agreement or contract with, the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences (in this section referred to as the "Board") to conduct a study to determine the goals, purposes, research agenda and projects, administrative structure, and fiscal needs for a new strategic highway research program to replace the program established under section 307(d) (as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of this Act), or a similar effort.

(b) CONSULTATION.--In conducting the study, the Board shall consult with the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials and such other entities as the Board determines appropriate to the conduct of the study.

(c) REPORT.--Not later than 5 years after making a grant or entering into a cooperative agreement or contract under subsection (a), the Board shall submit a final report on the results of the study to the Secretary, the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate, and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives.

######

SEC. 5115. INTERNATIONAL TRADE TRAFFIC.

(a) STUDY.--The Director shall carry out a study--

(1) to measure the ton-miles and value-miles of international trade traffic carried by highway for each State;

(2) to evaluate the accuracy and reliability of such measures for use in the formula for highway apportionments;

(3) to evaluate the accuracy and reliability of the use of diesel fuel data as a measure of international trade traffic by State; and

(4) to identify needed improvements in long-term data collection programs to provide accurate and reliable measures of international traffic for use in the formula for highway apportionments.

(b) BASIS FOR EVALUATIONS.--The study shall evaluate the accuracy and reliability of measures for use as formula factors based on statistical quality standards developed by the Bureau in consultation with the Committee on National Statistics of the National Academy of Sciences.

(c) REPORT.--Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Director shall submit to the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a report on the results of the study carried out under paragraph (1), including recommendations for changes in law necessary to implement the identified needs for improvements in long-term data collection programs.

######

RSS News Feed | Subscribe to e-newsletters | Feedback | Back to Top