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Title of Law:Wendell H. Ford Aviation Investment and Reform Act for the 21st Century
Law #:Public Law 106-181
Passed by Congress:106th Congress (2nd Session)

The following are excerpts, highlighted in red, from the final legislation and/or conference report which contain National Academies' studies. (Pound signs [##] between passages denote the deletion of unrelated text.)

HR1000 Shuster (R-Pa.) 03/15/00
Enrolled (finally passed both houses)

To amend title 49, United States Code, to reauthorize programs of the Federal Aviation Administration, and for other purposes.
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SEC. 725. PASSENGER CABIN AIR QUALITY.

(a) STUDY OF AIR QUALITY IN PASSENGER CABINS IN COMMERCIAL AIRCRAFT.-

(1) IN GENERAL.-Not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall arrange for and provide necessary data to the National Academy of Sciences to conduct a 12-month, independent study of air quality in passenger cabins of aircraft used in air transportation and foreign air transportation, including the collection of new data, in coordination with the Federal Aviation Administration, to identify contaminants in the aircraft air and develop recommendations for means of reducing such contaminants.

(2) ALTERNATIVE AIR SUPPLY.-The study should examine whether contaminants would be reduced by the replacement of engine and auxiliary power unit bleed air with an alternative supply of air for the aircraft passengers and crew.

(3) SCOPE.-The study shall include an assessment and quantitative analysis of each of the following:

(A) Contaminants of concern, as determined by the National Academy of Sciences.

(B) The systems of air supply on aircraft, including the identification of means by which contaminants may enter such systems.

(C) The toxicological and health effects of the contaminants of concern, their byproducts, and the products of their degradation.

(D) Any contaminant used in the maintenance, operation, or treatment of aircraft, if a passenger or a member of the air crew may be directly exposed to the contaminant.

(E) Actual measurements of the contaminants of concern in the air of passenger cabins during actual flights in air transportation or foreign air transportation, along with comparisons of such measurements to actual measurements taken in public buildings.

(4) PROVISION OF CURRENT DATA.-The Administrator shall collect all data of the Federal Aviation Administration that is relevant to the study and make the data available to the National Academy of Sciences in order

to complete the study.

(b) COLLECTION OF AIRCRAFT AIR QUALITY DATA.-

(1) IN GENERAL.-The Administrator may consider the feasibility of using the flight data recording system on aircraft to monitor and record appropriate data related to air inflow quality, including measurements of the exposure of persons aboard the aircraft to contaminants during normal aircraft operation and during incidents involving air quality problems.

(2) PASSENGER CABINS.-The Administrator may also consider the feasibility of using the flight data recording system to monitor and record data related to the air quality in passengers cabins of aircraft.

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SEC. 745. GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE AIRPORT NOISE STUDY.

(a) IN GENERAL.-The Comptroller General of the United States shall conduct a study on airport noise in the United States.

(b) CONTENTS OF STUDY.-In conducting the study, the Comptroller General shall examine-

(1) the selection of noise measurement methodologies used by the Administrator;

(2) the threshold of noise at which health begins to be affected;

(3) the effectiveness of noise abatement programs at airports located in the United States;

(4) the impacts of aircraft noise on communities, including schools;

(5) the noise assessment practices of the Federal Aviation Administration and whether such practices fairly and accurately reflect the burden of noise on communities; and

(6) the items requested to be examined by certain Members of the House of Representatives in a letter relating to aircraft noise to the Comptroller General dated April 30, 1999.

(c) REPORT.-Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall transmit to Congress a report on the results of the study.

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SEC. 906. EVALUATION OF RESEARCH FUNDING TECHNIQUES.

(a) IN GENERAL.-The Secretary, in consultation with the National Academy of Sciences and representatives of airports, shall evaluate the applicability of the techniques used to fund and administer research under the National Highway Cooperative Research Program and the National Transit Research Program to the research needs of airports.

(b) REPORT.-The Secretary shall transmit to Congress a report on the results ofthe evaluation conducted under this section.

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HRpt 106-513 CONFERENCE REPORT To accompany H.R. 1000 - WENDELL H. FORD AVIATION INVESTMENT AND REFORM ACT FOR THE 21ST CENTURY
Conference Committee
(03/08/00)
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######

SEC. 725. PASSENGER CABIN AIR QUALITY.

(a) STUDY OF AIR QUALITY IN PASSENGER CABINS IN COMMERCIAL AIRCRAFT.--

(1) IN GENERAL.--Not later than 60 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall arrange for and provide necessary data to the National Academy of Sciences to conduct a 12-month, independent study of air quality in passenger cabins of aircraft used in air transportation and foreign air transportation, including the collection of new data, in coordination with the Federal Aviation Administration, to identify contaminants in the aircraft air and develop recommendations for means of reducing such contaminants.

(2) ALTERNATIVE AIR SUPPLY.--The study should examine whether contaminants would be reduced by the replacement of engine and auxiliary power unit bleed air with an alternative supply of air for the aircraft passengers and crew.

(3) SCOPE.--The study shall include an assessment and quantitative analysis of each of the following:

(A) Contaminants of concern, as determined by the National Academy of Sciences.

(B) The systems of air supply on aircraft, including the identification of means by which contaminants may enter such systems.

(C) The toxicological and health effects of the contaminants of concern, their byproducts, and the products of their degradation.

(D) Any contaminant used in the maintenance, operation, or treatment of aircraft, if a passenger or a member of the air crew may be directly exposed to the contaminant.

(E) Actual measurements of the contaminants of concern in the air of passenger cabins during actual flights in air transportation or foreign air transportation, along with comparisons of such measurements to actual measurements taken in public buildings.

(4) PROVISION OF CURRENT DATA.--The Administrator shall collect all data of the Federal Aviation Administration that is relevant to the study and make the data available to the National Academy of Sciences in order

to complete the study.

(b) COLLECTION OF AIRCRAFT AIR QUALITY DATA.--

(1) IN GENERAL.--The Administrator may consider the feasibility of using the flight data recording system on aircraft to monitor and record appropriate data related to air inflow quality, including measurements of the exposure of persons aboard the aircraft to contaminants during normal aircraft operation and during incidents involving air quality problems.

(2) PASSENGER CABINS.--The Administrator may also consider the feasibility of using the flight data recording system to monitor and record data related to the air quality in passengers cabins of aircraft.

######

SEC. 906. EVALUATION OF RESEARCH FUNDING TECHNIQUES.

(a) IN GENERAL.--The Secretary, in consultation with the National Academy of Sciences and representatives of airports, shall evaluate the applicability of the techniques used to fund and administer research under the National Highway Cooperative Research Program and the National Transit Research Program to the research needs of airports.

(b) REPORT.--The Secretary shall transmit to Congress a report on the results of the evaluation conducted under this section.

######

CONFERENCE SUBSTITUTE

Section 725: Requires FAA to contract with the National Academy of Sciences for an independent study of the air quality in passenger cabins. The study should identify contaminants in aircraft air, the toxicological and health effects, if any, if these contaminants, and how these contaminants enter the aircraft. The study should also compare the levels of these contaminants in the passenger cabin to such levels in a public building. This comparison should be done by measuring the air during actual commercial flights. If a problem is found, the study should develop recommendations for improving cabin air quality. This should include an assessment of whether health problems would be reduced by the replacement of recycled air with fresh air.

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