|Title of Law:||Methane Hydrate Research and Development Act of 2000|
|Law #:||Public Law 106-193|
|Passed by Congress:||106th Congress (2nd Session)|
The following are excerpts, highlighted in red, from the final legislation and/or conference report which contain National Academies' studies. (Pound signs [##] between passages denote the deletion of unrelated text.)
HR1753 Doyle (D-Pa.) 04/13/00
Enrolled (finally passed both houses)
To promote the research, identification, assessment, exploration, and development of gas hydrate resources, and for other purposes.
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SEC. 3. METHANE HYDRATE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.
(a) IN GENERAL.-
(1) COMMENCEMENT OF PROGRAM.-Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Commerce, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Interior, and the Director, shall commence a program of methane hydrate research and development in accordance with this section.
(2) DESIGNATIONS.-The Secretary, the Secretary of Commerce, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Interior, and the Director shall designate individuals to carry out this section.
(3) COORDINATION.-The individual designated by the Secretary shall coordinate all activities within the Department of Energy relating to methane hydrate research and development.
(4) MEETINGS.-The individuals designated under paragraph (2) shall meet not later than 270 days after the date of the enactment of this Act and not less frequently than every 120 days thereafter to-
(A) review the progress of the program under paragraph (1); and
(B) make recommendations on future activities to occur subsequent to the meeting.
(b) GRANTS, CONTRACTS, COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS, INTERAGENCY FUNDS TRANSFER AGREEMENTS, AND FIELD WORK PROPOSALS.-
(1) ASSISTANCE AND COORDINATION.-In carrying out the program of methane hydrate research and development authorized by this section, the Secretary may award grants or contracts to, or enter into cooperative agreements with, institutions of higher education and industrial enterprises to-
(A) conduct basic and applied research to identify, explore, assess, and develop methane hydrate as a source of energy;
(B) assist in developing technologies required for efficient and environmentally sound development of methane hydrate resources;
(C) undertake research programs to provide safe means of transport and storage of methane produced from methane hydrates;
(D) promote education and training in methane hydrate resource research and resource development;
(E) conduct basic and applied research to assess and mitigate the environmental impacts of hydrate degassing (including both natural degassing and degassing associated with commercial development);
(F) develop technologies to reduce the risks of drilling through methane hydrates; and
(G) conduct exploratory drilling in support of the activities authorized by this paragraph.
(2) COMPETITIVE MERIT-BASED REVIEW.-Funds made available under paragraph (1) shall be made available based on a competitive merit-based process.
(c) CONSULTATION.-The Secretary shall establish an advisory panel consisting of experts from industrial enterprises, institutions of higher education, and Federal agencies to-
(1) advise the Secretary on potential applications of methane hydrate;
(2) assist in developing recommendations and priorities for the methane hydrate research and development program carried out under subsection (a)(1); and
(3) not later than 2 years after the date of the enactment of this Act, and at such later dates as the panel considers advisable, submit to Congress a report on the anticipated impact on global climate change from-
(A) methane hydrate formation;
(B) methane hydrate degassing (including natural degassing and degassing associated with commercial development); and
(C) the consumption of natural gas produced from methane hydrates.
Not more than 25 percent of the individuals serving on the advisory panel shall be Federal employees.
(1) ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES.-Not more than 5 percent of the amount made available to carry out this section for a fiscal year may be used by the Secretary for expenses associated with the administration of the program carried out under subsection (a)(1).
(2) CONSTRUCTION COSTS.-None of the funds made available to carry out this section may be used for the construction of a new building or the acquisition, expansion, remodeling, or alteration of an existing building (including site grading and improvement and architect fees).
(e) RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE SECRETARY.-In carrying out subsection (b)(1), the Secretary shall-
(1) facilitate and develop partnerships among government, industrial enterprises, and institutions of higher education to research, identify, assess, and explore methane hydrate resources;
(2) undertake programs to develop basic information necessary for promoting long-term interest in methane hydrate resources as an energy source;
(3) ensure that the data and information developed through the program are accessible and widely disseminated as needed and appropriate;
(4) promote cooperation among agencies that are developing technologies that may hold promise for methane hydrate resource development; and
(5) report annually to Congress on accomplishments under this section.
SEC. 6. SUNSET.
Section 3 of this Act shall cease to be effective after the end of fiscal year 2005.
SEC. 7. NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL STUDY.
The Secretary shall enter into an agreement with the National Research Council for such council to conduct a study of the progress made under the methane hydrate research and development program implemented pursuant to this Act, and to make recommendations for future methane hydrate research and development needs. The Secretary shall transmit to the Congress, not later than September 30, 2004, a report containing the findings and recommendations of the National Research Council under this section.
SEC. 8. REPORTS AND STUDIES.
The Secretary of Energy shall provide to the Committee on Science of the House of Representatives copies of any report or study that the Department of Energy prepares at the direction of any committee of the Congress.