The National Academies: Advisers to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine
Current Operating Status

The National Academies Testimony before Congress

Public Laws Containing Studies for the National Academies

Briefings to Congress

Congressionally Mandated Reports

Policy Statements and Historical Documents

The OCGA staff

Request a Report (Congressional and Government Staff Only)

Mailing Address:
The Office of Congressional and Government Affairs
The Keck Center of the National Academies
Keck WS1008
500 Fifth Street, NW
Washington, DC 20001
Tel: (202) 334-1601
Fax: (202) 334-2419

Back to Main Page

Short Summaries of National Academies’ Studies
Within Public Laws by Congressional Session


The following is a list of congressionally requested National Academies’ studies summarized from the legislative language. For the actual language, click on the title of the Public Law.


113th Congress (2nd Session – 2014)

PL 113- 76 – Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2014

  • Evaluate, possibly on a periodic basis, the Strategic National Stockpile (SNS) distribution system and make recommendations to improve it, including consideration of private-public collaborations to increase efficiencies
  • Upon completion of a Government Accountability Office (GAO) analysis, review the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) ocean and coastal data collection systems to determine which systems should be maintained, which need sustained investment, and which should be retired
  • Evaluate the Landscape Conservation Cooperatives (LCC) program and whether it has brought measurable improvements in the health of fish, wildlife, and their habitats
  • Conduct a study on the impact of Federal regulations and reporting requirements on institutions of higher education (See P.L. 110-315)


113th Congress (1st Session – 2013)

PL 113- 66 -- National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014

  • Conduct a review of the options available to address near- and long-term threats to the national security space systems of the United States, including strategies and plans to counter such threats, and recommend courses of action

PL 113- 6 -- Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2013

  • Conduct a review of proposed methodologies for the National Children’s Study (NCS) Main Study, including whether such methodologies are likely to produce scientifically sound results that are generalizable to the United States population and appropriate sub-populations
  • Analyze the research and activities of the Institute for Telecommunications Services (ITS) of the National Telecommunications and Information Administration and make recommendations regarding the extent to which ITS research is addressing future telecommunications challenges and spectrum needs.


112th Congress (2nd Session – 2012)

PL 112-239 -- National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013

  • Review the specialized degree-granting graduate programs of the Department of Defense in science, technology, engineering, mathematics, and management
  • Assess and provide an analysis and recommendations on the state of the Department of Veterans Affairs’ mental health services, including the Department’s development and implementation of measures to assess its mental health care services and its staffing guidelines
  • Conduct a study of peer review and design competition related to nuclear weapons
  • Conduct a study of the state of molybdenum-99 production and utilization

PL 112-141 -- Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21)

  • Review a report which assesses the status of vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-infrastructure dedicated short-range communications technology and applications, analyzes the known and potential gaps, and defines a recommended implementation path
  • Conduct a study exploring methods for understanding graduated risk behind levees and the associated land development, insurance, and risk communication dimensions
  • In consultation with the Comptroller General of the United States, conduct an economic analysis of the costs and benefits to the federal government of a flood insurance program with full risk-based premiums, combined with means-tested federal assistance to aid individuals who cannot afford coverage, through an insurance voucher program
  • Upon issuance of the rule establishing the Consumer Option for an Alternative System to Allocate Losses (COASTAL) Formula and each time it is modified, evaluate the expected financial impact on the national flood insurance program of the use of the formula, the validity of the scientific assumptions upon which it is based, and whether the formula can achieve a degree of accuracy of not less than 90 percent in allocating flood losses for indeterminate losses

PL 112- 95 -- FAA Reauthorization and Reform Act of 2011

  • Review the enterprise architecture for the NextGen
  • Study the assumptions and methods used by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to estimate staffing needs for FAA systems specialists to ensure proper maintenance and certification of the national airspace system (completed)
  • Study the standards used by the FAA to estimate staffing needs for FAA air traffic controllers to ensure the safe operation of the national airspace system in the most cost effective manner
  • Review the research plan developed by the FAA Administrator on the methods and procedures to improve both confidence in and the timeliness of certification of new technologies for their introduction into the national airspace system
  • Conduct a study, under the Airport Cooperative Research Program, on airport sustainability practices


112th Congress (1st Session – 2011)

PL 112- 81 -- National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012

  • Within four years of the enactment of the SBIR/STTR Reauthorization Act of 2011, and every four years thereafter, conduct a study of how the STTR program has stimulated technological innovation and technology transfer, estimate the number of jobs created by the SBIR and STTR programs, and make recommendations with respect to these issues

PL 112- 74 -- Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2012

  • Evaluate the adequacy and validity of the Department of Homeland Security’s revised site-specific biosafety and biosecurity mitigation risk assessment of the National Bio- and Agro-defense Facility (See P.L. 112-10) (completed)
  • Conduct a study to identify the market barriers slowing the purchase of electric vehicles and hindering the deployment of supporting infrastructure (interim completed)
  • Study the lessons learned from the Fukushima nuclear disaster
  • Assess the data, analysis, and conclusions in the National Park Service’s Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) concerning oyster operations at Point Reyes National Seashore to ensure there is a solid scientific foundation for the Final Environmental Impact Statement (completed)
  • Conduct up to three reviews of the Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) assessments that the Environmental Protection Agency seeks to make final, including a study of the cancer and non-cancer hazards from oral exposure to inorganic arsenic (interim completed)
  • Form a work group to review, evaluate, and identify issues related to the Cures Acceleration Network (CAN) authority and provide a report for the CAN Board to help it identify ways to accelerate and expand the number of cures
  • Evaluate the Clinical and Translational Science Awards program and recommend whether changes to the current mission are needed (completed)
  • Conduct a scientific peer review of the 12th Report on Carcinogens determinations related to formaldehyde and styrene

PL 112- 10 -- Department of Defense and Full-Year Continuing Appropriations Act, 2011

  • Evaluate the adequacy and validity of the Department of Homeland Security’s revised site-specific biosafety and biosecurity mitigation risk assessment of the National Bio- and Agro-defense Facility (See P.L. 112-74) (completed)


111th Congress (2nd Session – 2010)

PL 111-358 -- America COMPETES Reauthorization Act of 2010

  • Conduct a study on the scientific workforce in the areas of oceanic and atmospheric research and development
  • Conduct a study of all Federal agencies that administer an Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR) or a program similar to EPSCoR regarding its effectiveness (completed)
  • Initiate a study to evaluate, develop, or improve impact-on-society metrics
  • Within three years, evaluate the regional innovation program established by this Act

PL 111-314 -- National and Commercial Space Programs

  • Periodically over the next decade, conduct independent assessments, also known as decadal surveys, taking stock of the status and opportunities for Earth and space science discipline fields and aeronautics research and recommending priorities for research and programmatic areas (See also P.L. 110-422) (reports completed on an ongoing basis)
  • At 5-year intervals, review and assess the performance of each division in the Science directorate of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration

PL 111-275 -- Veterans' Benefits Act of 2010

  • Review the best treatments for chronic multisymptom illness in Persian Gulf War veterans and evaluate how such treatment approaches could best be disseminated throughout the Department of Veterans Affairs (completed)

PL 111-267 -- National Aeronautics and Space Administration Authorization Act of 2010

  • Beginning in FY2012, conduct a review of the goals, core capabilities, and direction of human space flight, using the goals set forth in the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Authorization Act of 2005, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Authorization Act of 2008, the goals set forth in this Act, and those set forth in any existing statement of space policy issued by the President

PL 111-216 -- Airline Safety and Federal Aviation Administration Extension Act of 2010

  • Study the effects of commuting on pilot fatigue (completed)

PL 111-212 -- Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2010

  • Conduct a study of the long-term ecosystem service impacts of the Deepwater Horizon oil discharge (completed)

PL 111-163 -- Caregivers and Veterans Omnibus Health Services Act of 2010

  • Conduct an expanded study on the health impact of Project Shipboard Hazard and Defense (Project SHAD)

PL 111-148 -- Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act

  • Study the ramifications of Medicare payment reductions for dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry on beneficiary access to bone mass density tests
  • Convene a conference on pain care management and issue a report summarizing the findings and recommendations of the conference (completed)
  • Study the demonstration programs conducted under Sec. 5304 of this Act that shall provide analysis regarding access to dental health care in the United States
  • Review research on the selection of a set of key national indicators, determine how to implement and establish a key national indicator system, and report annually to the Commission on Key National Indicators any findings and recommendations
  • Assess the number and importance of biological products for children being tested, of labeling changes made as a result, and make recommendations for ensuring pediatric testing of biological products (completed)


111th Congress (1st Session – 2009)

PL 111-117-- Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2010

  • Study the long-term economic effects of the aging population in the United States (completed)
  • Conduct an assessment of the entire end-to-end National Weather Service modernization enterprise (completed)
  • Conduct a study of the feasibility of commercially-provided Earth science data
  • Study the mental and behavioral healthcare needs of the American people and recommend policies for achieving a mental health workforce to address those needs (completed)
  • Study the funding of transportation improvements to accommodate installation growth associated with the Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) 2005 program (completed)

PL 111- 88 -- Department of the Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010

  • Examine the use and storage of methyl isocyanate, including the feasibility of implementing alternatives and their costs, at the Bayer CropScience facility in Institute, West Virginia (completed)
  • Conduct a study in support of sustainable water and environmental management of the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta in California (completed)

PL 111- 85 -- Energy and Water Development and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010

  • Conduct an analysis of energy use within the light-duty vehicle transportation sector and an integrated study of the technology and fuel options that could reduce petroleum consumption and greenhouse gas emissions (completed)
  • Conduct a study to address the national security and extended deterrence value of the B61 bomb for both strategic and tactical purposes in light of nuclear terrorism risks and military threats

PL 111- 84 -- National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010

  • Review and assess the substance use disorders programs for members of the Armed Forces (completed)
  • Study the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (phase 1 of 2 completed)
  • Review the results of the study, conducted by the Secretary of Veterans’ Affairs, on the costs and benefits associated with the use of service dogs for the treatment or rehabilitation of veterans with physical or mental injuries or disabilities
  • Review the metrics developed and implemented by the Department of Defense to measure the impact and effectiveness of activities of the Cooperative Threat Reduction Program and, if necessary, identify possible additional or alternative metrics (completed)
  • Conduct a review of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, the Los Alamos National Laboratory, and the Sandia National Laboratories (completed)

PL 111- 83 -- Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act, 2010

  • Evaluate the Department of Homeland Security’s bio-safety and bio-security mitigation risk assessment of the National Bio- and Agro-defense Facility (NBAF) at the Manhattan, Kansas site (completed)

PL 111- 11 -- Omnibus Public Land Management Act of 2009

  • Review the strategic plan for federal research and monitoring on ocean acidification developed by the Joint Subcommittee on Ocean Science and Technology of the National Science and Technology Council (completed)

PL 111- 8 -- Omnibus Appropriations Act, 2009

  • Conduct an inventory of the energy development potential on all lands currently managed by the Department of Energy
  • Study the position of the United States in flexible electronics, its applications, and the steps that must be undertaken for a national initiative
  • Develop, test and select a budget model that accurately captures the fiscal linkages between the Department of Justice’s immigration-related costs and the activities of the Department of Homeland Security (completed)
  • Conduct a third party review of the federal nanotechnology research program (completed)
  • Examine and provide recommendations regarding front-of-package nutrition symbols (completed)

PL 111- 5 -- American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

  • Recommend national priorities for comparative effectiveness research in health care treatments and strategies (completed)

PL 111- 3 -- Children's Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act of 2009

  • Study the extent and quality of efforts to measure child health status and the quality of health care for children across the age span in relation to preventive care, treatments for acute conditions, and treatments aimed at ameliorating or correcting physical, mental, and developmental conditions (completed)


110th Congress (2nd Session – 2008)

PL 110-422 -- National Aeronautics and Space Administration Authorization Act of 2008

  • Conduct a study to determine the most appropriate governance structure for U.S. earth observations programs
  • Review NASA’s aviation safety-related research programs (completed)
  • Conduct a review of the suborbital mission capabilities of NASA (completed)
  • Assess impediments, including cost growth, to the successful conduct of interagency cooperation on space science missions and Earth science missions, to provide lessons learned and best practices, and to recommend steps to help facilitate successful interagency collaborations for both of these missions (completed)
  • Study the impacts of space weather on the current and future United States aviation industry, and in particular examine the risks for Over-The-Pole (OTP) and Ultra-Long-Range (ULR) operations
  • On a periodic basis, perform independent assessments -- also known as decadal surveys -- to take stock of the status and opportunities for the fields of earth and space science and aeronautics research and to recommend priorities for research and programmatic areas over the next decade (See also P.L. 111-314) (reports completed on an ongoing basis)

PL 110-417 -- Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009

  • Conduct a study of concepts and systems for boost-phase missile defense (completed)

PL 110-389 -- Veterans' Benefits Improvement Act of 2008

  • Before March 31, 2012, report to Congress assessing the feasibility and advisability of conducting additional research after September 30, 2012 on the assets transferred to the Institute of Medicine’s Medical Follow-Up Agency from the Air Force Health Study
  • Conduct an epidemiological study identifying any increased risk of developing multiple sclerosis as a result of service in the Armed Forces during the Persian Gulf War in the Southwest Asia theater of operations or in the post 9/11 Global Operations theaters

PL 110-343 -- Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008

  • Review the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to identify the types of and specific tax provisions that have the largest effects on carbon and other greenhouse gas emissions and to estimate the magnitude of those effects (completed)

PL 110-329 -- Consolidated Security, Disaster Assistance, and Continuing Appropriations Act, 2009

  • Evaluate the analyses of health and safety risks to the surrounding community conducted as part of the National Environmental Policy Act process for the planned expansion of bio-safety level 3 and level 4 labs of the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute for Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID) at Fort Detrick, Maryland (completed)

PL 110-315 -- Higher Education Opportunity Act

  • Ascertain the amount and scope, by agency, of all federal regulations and reporting requirements with which institutions of higher education must comply and offer recommendations for consolidating, streamlining, and eliminating those that are redundant and burdensome
  • Evaluate the quality of distance education programs, as compared to campus-based education programs, at institutions of higher education
  • Review, analyze, and compare existing standards in environmental, health, and safety areas for the regulation of industrial research and development facilities and research and teaching laboratories and facilities at institutions of higher education
  • Identify any race, ethnicity, or gender bias in the content and construction of standardized tests that are used for admission to institutions of higher education
  • Study the quality of teacher education programs to determine if teachers are adequately prepared to meet the needs of students with reading and language processing disabilities, including dyslexia
  • Identify constraints encountered by schools of nursing in admitting and graduating the number of registered nurses necessary to ensure patient safety and meet the need for quality assurance in the provision of health care; and develop recommendations to alleviate these constraints

PL 110-293 -- Tom Lantos and Henry J. Hyde United States Global Leadership Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Reauthorization Act of 2008

  • Provide the global AIDS coordinator with a design and budget plan for the evaluation and collection of baseline and subsequent data (completed)

PL 110-275 -- Medicare Improvements for Patients and Providers Act of 2008

  • Identify the methodological standards for conducting systematic reviews of clinical effectiveness research on health and health care (completed)
  • Conduct a study on the best methods used in developing clinical practice guidelines (completed)

PL 110-246 – Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008

  • Conduct a comprehensive study of biofuels production (See also P.L. 110-234) (completed)

PL 110-234 -- Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008

  • Conduct a comprehensive study of biofuels production (See also P.L. 110-246) (completed)

PL 110-181 -- National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008

  • Conduct a study of the credentials, preparation, and training of individuals practicing as licensed mental health counselors and make recommendations for permitting licensed mental health counselors to practice independently under the TRICARE program (completed)
  • Analyze options for strengthening and expanding the Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR) Program (completed)
  • Identify areas for cooperation with states other than states of the former Soviet Union under the Cooperative Threat Reduction Program of the Department of Defense in the prevention of proliferation of biological weapons (completed)
  • Study the physical and mental health and other readjustment needs of members and former members of the Armed Forces who deployed in Operation Iraqi Freedom or Operation Enduring Freedom and their families as a result of such deployment (completed)


110th Congress (1st Session – 2007)

PL 110-161 -- Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2008

  • Establish the Climate Change Study Committee to study issues relating to global climate change and make recommendations regarding what steps must be taken and what strategies adopted in response, including the science and technology challenges (completed)
  • Study the gaps in public health protection provided by the food safety system (completed)
  • Conduct a study relating to the investment of intangible assets (completed)
  • Conduct a study on methods for collecting data regarding the status of the U.S. economy and determine whether the current data results in an overstatement of economic growth, domestic manufacturing output, and productivity
  • Initiate a study on acidification of the oceans (See also P.L. 109-479) (completed)
  • Establish an independent project review of NASA’s major programs
  • Assess NASA’s research and analysis activities (completed)
  • Prepare a report on technology development for advanced Radioisotope Power Systems (RPS) devices (completed)
  • Conduct a study and make recommendations on the optimal approach regarding the Arecibo Observatory (completed)
  • Conduct a decadal survey of life and physical sciences research in microgravity and partial gravity to establish priorities for research for the 2010-2020 decade (completed)
  • Support the International Institute for Advanced Systems Analysis’s Global Energy Assessment
  • Review the Homeland Security Department’s approach to measuring risk, including the feasibility of combining terrorist threats and natural disasters within a single risk analysis (completed)
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of BioWatch, including the reliability of monitoring data and the ability of hospitals and public health officials to respond based on information received from those systems (completed)
  • Assist the Secretary of Homeland Security in certifying the Advanced Spectroscopic Portal (ASP) systems (completed)
  • Examine and make recommendations to reduce dietary sodium intake to levels recommended by the Dietary Guidelines for Americans (completed)
  • Conduct a comprehensive review of the status of women’s health research (completed)
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of NASA’s Institute for Advanced Concepts (NIAC) in meeting its mission (completed)
  • Recommend innovative approaches to educate and train scientists and users of Earth observations and applications and to assist in training students
  • Analyze how the Design Basis Threat is formulated, including funding requests, and build a “probabilistic risk assessment” tool (completed)
  • Develop and monitor implementation of a comprehensive, prioritized research roadmap for all Federal agencies on environmental, health and safety issues for nanotechnology (completed)

PL 110-143 -- Methamphetamine Remediation Research Act of 2007

  • Study the status and quality of research on the residual effects of methamphetamine laboratories

PL 110-140 -- Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007

  • Evaluate vehicle fuel economy standards, updating the initial report every five years through 2025
  • Evaluate medium-duty and heavy-duty truck fuel economy standards (completed)
  • Assess the impact of the requirements described in section 211(o) of the Clean Air Act on each industry relating to the production of feed grains, livestock, food, forest products, and energy
  • Produce both an initial review and an updated report on the status of advanced solid state lighting research, development, demonstration and commercialization (completed)
  • Five years after enactment of this Act, assess the Department of Energy's performance in carrying out Section 641, entitled the “United States Energy Storage Competitiveness Act of 2007”
  • Review and provide oversight for the Carbon Capture and Sequestration Research, Development, and Demonstration Programs under Section 963 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 and as amended by Sections 702 and 703 of this Act
  • Conduct a study that defines an interdisciplinary program, on the undergraduate and graduate level, in geology, engineering, hydrology, environmental science, and related disciplines that will support the Nation’s capability to capture and sequester carbon dioxide from anthropogenic sources, and develop guidelines for proposals from colleges and universities with substantial capabilities in the required disciplines

PL 110-114 -- Water Resources Development Act of 2007

  • Conduct a peer review for those project studies subject to a review as described in subsection (a), Section 2034, of this Act, which may include the economic and environmental assumptions and projections, project evaluation data, economic, environmental, and engineering analyses, formulation of alternative plans, methods for integrating risk and uncertainty, models used in evaluation of economic or environmental impacts of proposed projects, and any biological opinions of the project study

PL 110-85 -- Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act of 2007

  • Review and assess the pediatric studies conducted pursuant to Sec. 505B., Research Into Pediatric Uses for Drugs and Biological Products, or precursor regulations since 1997 and labeling changes made as a result of such studies (completed)
  • Review the written requests made and the studies conducted pursuant to Sec. 505A., Pediatric Studies of Drugs (completed)

PL 110-69 -- America Creating Opportunities to Meaningfully Promote Excellence in Technology, Education and Science (America COMPETES) Act

  • Conduct a study to identify and review methods to mitigate new forms of risk for businesses, beyond conventional operational and financial risk, that affect the ability to innovate
  • Study how the Federal Government should support, through research, education, and training, the emerging management and learning discipline known as “service science”
  • Not later than five years after, and ten years after, the date of enactment of this … [Act], assess the performance of the science, engineering, and mathematics education programs of the Department of Energy
  • Review the performance of the distributed, multidisciplinary institutes, established and centered at National Laboratories, to apply fundamental science and engineering discoveries to technological innovations
  • Four years into its operation, conduct an evaluation of how well the Advanced Research Projects Agency – Energy (ARPA-E) is achieving its goals and mission
  • Establish an expert panel to identify promising practices for improving teaching and student achievement in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics in kindergarten through grade 12 and examine and synthesize the scientific evidence pertaining to the improvement of teaching and learning in these fields
  • Report on the barriers to, and identify strategies for, increasing the number of underrepresented minorities in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics fields and workforce (completed)
  • Conduct a study of the mechanisms and supports needed for an institution of higher education or nonprofit organization to develop and maintain a program to provide free access to online educational content as part of a degree program, especially in science, technology, engineering, mathematics, or foreign languages, without using Federal funds, including funds provided under title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1070 et seq.)


109th Congress (2nd Session - 2006)

PL 109-479 -- Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Reauthorization Act of 2006

  • Conduct, jointly with the Undersecretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere, a multi-year, comprehensive in-water study to measure the efforts, effects, and impact of the utilization of turtle excluder devices by shrimp fisheries (See also P.L. 108-199) (report completed in partial response to mandate)
  • Conduct a study of the acidification of the oceans and how this process affects the United States (See also P.L. 110-161) (completed)
  • Review the tsunami detection, forecast, and warning program established under this Title (See also P.L. 109-424) (completed)

PL 109-469 -- Office of National Drug Control Policy Reauthorization Act of 2006

  • Study certain aspects of iatrogenic addiction to prescription opioid analgesics included in schedules II and III of the Controlled Substances Act

PL 109-449 -- Marine Debris Research, Prevention, and Reduction Act

  • Study the effectiveness of international and national measures to prevent and reduce marine debris and its impact (completed)

PL 109-424 -- Tsunami Warning and Education Act

  • Review the tsunami detection, forecast, and warning program established under this Act (See also P.L. 109-479) (completed)

PL 109-401 -- Henry J. Hyde United States and India Nuclear Cooperation Promotion Act of 2006

  • Develop recommendations for the implementation of the United States-India scientific cooperative nonproliferation program

PL 109-365 -- Older Americans Act Amendments of 2006

  • Conduct a study of the nutrition projects authorized by the Older Americans Act of 1965

PL 109-364 -- John Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007

  • Review and evaluate the available scientific and medical evidence regarding associations between pre-natal, child, and adult exposure to drinking water contaminated with trichloroethylene (TCE) and tetrachloroethylene (PCE) at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina (completed)
  • Receive custodianship of the Air Force Health Study assets, maintain the data and specimens, and make them available for additional studies
  • Review the Department of Defense medical quality improvement program
  • Conduct a study to identify areas for further cooperation with Russia and other states of the former Soviet Union under the Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR) program of the Department of Defense in the specific area of prevention of proliferation biological weapons (completed)
  • Study the quantification of margins and uncertainty methodology used by the national security laboratories for assessing and certifying the safety and reliability of the nuclear stockpile (completed)

PL 109-347 -- Security and Accountability For Every (SAFE) Port Act of 2006

  • Conduct a study and prepare a report on disaster area health and environmental protection and monitoring

PL 109-289 – Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2007

  • Analyze the mission requirement and consider and recommend alternatives that meet the prompt global strike mission in the near term (1-2 years), the mid-term (3-5 years), and the long term (completed)

PL 109-234 – Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act for Defense, the Global War on Terror, and Hurricane Recovery, 2006

  • Report on the depreciation of the individual system components for hurricane and storm damage reduction for the period beginning on the date of construction and ending on the date on which the report is prepared
  • Review the interim plan deauthorizing deep draft navigation on the Mississippi River-Gulf Outlet and addressing wetland losses, channel bank erosion, hurricane and storm protection, saltwater intrusion, navigation, and ecosystem restoration


109th Congress (1st Session - 2005)

PL 109-155 -- National Aeronautics and Space Administration Authorization Act of 2005

  • At 5-year intervals, review and assess the performance of each division in the Science directorate of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (first in a series completed)
  • Assess the future requirements for fundamental aeronautics research and whether the Nation will have a skilled research workforce and facilities commensurate with those requirements (completed)
  • Assess Federal wake turbulence research and development programs (See also P.L. 108-176) (completed)
  • Review and evaluate the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s precollege science, technology, and mathematics education program (completed)

PL 109-149 -- Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2006

  • Review and provide guidance on appropriate outcomes and assessments for young children in Head Start (completed)

PL 109-115 -- Transportation, Treasury, Housing and Urban Development, the Judiciary, the District of Columbia, and Independent Agencies Appropriations Act, 2006

  • Evaluate the Department of Housing and Urban Development’s current research plan and provide a set of options and recommendations on the future course of research needed to address technology, engineering and social or economic issues (completed)

PL 109-108 -- Science, State, Justice, Commerce, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2006

  • Create an independent Forensic Science Committee to analyze and assess the resources, needs, best practices, potential advances, role in homeland security, and other issues of the forensic science and legal community outside of the area of DNA (completed)
  • Craft a prize or categories of prizes in the area of innovation inducement that would be of an appropriate scale and develop the rules and conditions for awarding prizes (completed)

PL 109-97 -- Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2006

  • Conduct a comprehensive report on the economic development and current status of the sheep industry in the United States (completed)

PL 109-59 -- Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU)

  • Review the research, design, methodology, and implementation of a study by the Department of Transportation to collect on-scene motor vehicle collision data and to determine crash causation
  • Study and evaluate the value major public transportation systems in the United States provide to the nation's security and the ability of such systems to accommodate the evacuation, egress or ingress of people to or from critical locations in times of emergency (completed)
  • Review the details of the Department of Transportation’s five year transportation R&D strategic plans to guide Federal transportation R&D activities (completed)
  • Establish an advisory committee to recommend a research agenda for, and support and carry out administrative and management activities related to the governance of, a national cooperative freight transportation research program (some reports completed; task ongoing)
  • Establish and carry out the future strategic highway research program (F-SHRP) (The report requested in support of this mandate has been completed.)
  • Develop and publish a national transportation information needs assessment
  • Review the Department of Transportation's study plan, methodology, and any associated conclusions regarding whether a transportation program or project will have a de minimis impact on parks, recreation areas, wildlife and waterfowl refuges, and historic sites (completed)
  • Carry out the nine research projects called for in the Transportation Research Board’s 2005 Special Report 283 entitled “Cooperative Research for Hazardous Materials Transportation: Defining the Need, Converging on Solutions” (some reports completed; task ongoing)
  • Conduct a study of the nation’s railroad transportation system since the enactment of the Staggers Rail Act of 1980

PL 109-58 -- Energy Policy Act of 2005

  • Study the short- and long-term availability of skilled workers to meet the energy and mineral security requirements of the United States (completed)
  • Study the supply and demand of medical isotopes, not involving highly enriched uranium (completed)
  • Conduct a study of industrial, research, and commercial uses for radiation sources (completed)
  • Study the feasibility of converting motor vehicle trips to bicycle trips
  • Every four years, review the Department of Energy's R&D program on technologies relating to the production, purification, distribution, storage, and use of hydrogen energy, fuel cells, and related infrastructure outlined in Section 805 of this Act.
  • Every four years, review the demonstration projects outlined in Section 808 and consistent with "Title VIII--Hydrogen" of this Act, and the Department of Energy's determination of the maturity, cost-effectiveness, and environmental impacts of technologies supporting each project.
  • Conduct periodic reviews of the Next Generation Lighting Initiative
  • Study the progress made under the methane hydrate R&D program implemented under this Act and make recommendations for future methane hydrate R&D needs (completed)
  • Review the plan for the participation of U.S. scientists in the international burning plasma fusion research project (ITER) and/or the plan for implementing a domestic burning plasma experiment such as the Fusion Ignition Research Experiment (completed)
  • Review the catalysis research program (completed)
  • Review the research plan for the systems biology program
  • Conduct periodic reviews and assessments of the Department of Energy’s research, development, demonstration, and commercial application programs in energy efficiency, renewable energy, nuclear energy, and fossil energy; the measurable cost and performance-based goals for the programs as established under Section 902 of this Act; and the progress on meeting these goals
  • Define and evaluate the external costs and benefits associated with the production and consumption of energy that are not fully incorporated into the market price of such energy, or into the Federal tax or fee or other applicable revenue measure related to such production or consumption (See also P.L. 110-161 for appropriations) (completed)
  • Examine whether the goals of energy efficiency standards are best served by measurement of energy consumed and efficiency improvements at the actual site of energy consumption or through the full fuel cycle (completed)
  • Study the effect of coal bed natural gas production on surface and ground water resources, including ground water aquifers in Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico, North Dakota, and Utah (completed)
  • Determine the effect that electrical contaminants (such as tin whiskers) may have on the reliability of energy production systems, including nuclear energy
  • Conduct a study that provides a budget roadmap for the development of fuel cell technologies and the transition from petroleum to hydrogen in a significant percentage of the vehicles sold by 2020 (completed)
  • Conduct a study to assess the implications on energy use and efficiency of land development patterns in the United States (completed)
  • Study the potential of developing wind, solar, and ocean energy resources on Federal land and the outer Continental Shelf; assess any Federal law relating to their development; and recommend statutory and regulatory mechanisms for developing them

PL 109-54 -- Department of the Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2006

  • Evaluate some of the ongoing dredging projects underway at Superfund mega sites (completed)


108th Congress (2nd Session - 2004)

PL 108-447 -- Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2005

  • Review the adequacy and effectiveness of Title VI international education and foreign language studies and section 102(b)(6) Fulbright-Hays programs in addressing their statutory missions and in building the nation’s international and foreign language expertise (completed)
  • Review coal reserves, assess the categories of coal research, and review how technologies are being transferred to coal mine operators and other users (completed)
  • Study and make recommendations regarding appropriate nutritional standards for the availability, sale, content, and consumption of food at school, with particular attention given to foods offered in competition with federally-reimbursed meals and snacks (completed)
  • Conduct a study on the training of physicians for public health careers (completed)
  • Conduct a study on changing labor force requirements
  • Study the environmental, including landscape/viewshed, impacts of wind energy projects in the Mid-Atlantic Highlands (completed)
  • Review the science to be undertaken under the space exploration initiative and develop a strategy by which all of NASA’s science disciplines, as well as the science conducted aboard the International Space Station, can make adequate progress towards their established goals (completed)

PL 108-375 -- Ronald W. Reagan National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005

  • Study the plans of the Department of Energy to manage radioactive waste streams from reprocessed spent nuclear fuel (completed)

PL 108-334 -- Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act , 2005

  • Study the role of Coast Guard icebreakers in supporting United States operations in the Antarctic and the Arctic (completed)

PL 108-199 -- Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2004

  • Conduct a study regarding foreign content in U.S. exports and U.S. content in foreign imports (completed)
  • Conduct a multi-year, comprehensive in-water study of shrimp fishing and its impact on sea turtle mortality (See also P.L. 109-479) (report completed in partial response to mandate)
  • Recommend an optimal structure for the cord blood program and address pertinent issues to maximize the potential of this technology (completed)
  • Establish clinically appropriate standards for medical necessity and qualification criteria for inpatient rehabilitation facilities (IRFs)
  • Conduct a study on mammography standards (completed)
  • Study the state of emergency care in the United States (completed)
  • Evaluate the impact of board certification on teacher quality and student academic achievement (completed)
  • Conduct a study of teacher preparation programs in the United States (completed)
  • Develop and perform a national tire fuel efficiency study and literature review (completed)
  • Study the health risks to children from residential lead contamination
  • Study the health, safety, and environmental risks of coal combustion waste used for reclamation in active and abandoned mines (completed)


108th Congress (1st Session - 2003)

PL 108-183 -- Veterans Benefits Act of 2003

  • Determine the appropriate disposition of the Air Force Health Study (completed)

PL 108-176 -- Vision 100--Century of Aviation Reauthorization Act

  • Assess the Federal Aviation Administration’s proposed wake turbulence research and development program (See also P.L. 109-155) (completed)
  • Study the assumptions and methods used by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to estimate staffing standards for FAA inspectors (completed)
  • Provide staff support to the Airport Cooperative Research Program Governing Board and carry out projects proposed by the Board that the Secretary considers appropriate

PL 108-173 -- Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003

  • Conduct a comprehensive study of drug safety and quality issues (completed)
  • Evaluate the Quality Improvement Organizations (QIOS) program under part B of title XI of the Social Security Act (completed)
  • Evaluate leading health care performance measures in the public and private sectors and options to implement policies that align performance with payment under the Medicare program (completed)

PL 108-153 -- 21st Century Nanotechnology Research and Development Act

  • Conduct a triennial evaluation of the National Nanotechnology Program (first in a series completed)
  • Determine the technical feasibility of molecular self-assembly for the manufacture of materials and devices at the molecular scale (completed)
  • Assess the need for standards, guidelines, or strategies for ensuring the responsible development of nanotechnology (completed)

PL 108-137 -- Energy and Water Development Appropriations Act, 2004

  • Study of spent nuclear fuel storage at commercial reactor sites (completed)

PL 108-136 -- National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2004

  • Utilizing the Department of Defense’s definition of basic research, evaluate the Department’s basic research portfolio (completed)
  • Analyze the effect on threat reduction and nonproliferation programs of applicable congressional oversight measures

PL 108- 25 -- United States Leadership Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Act of 2003

  • Compare the success rates of the various programs and methods used under the comprehensive, five-year, global strategy to reduce, prevent, and treat HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria (completed)

PL 108- 7 -- Consolidated Appropriations Resolution, 2003

  • Study the procedures by which routes are selected for the shipment of spent nuclear fuel from research nuclear reactors between or among existing Department of Energy facilities (completed)
  • Evaluate the impact of the final rule, published in the Federal Register on December 31, 2002, relating to prevention of significant deterioration in areas currently meeting air quality standards and review new emissions sources in areas that do not currently meet the standards (completed)
  • Assess the availability, performance, and capability of the NWS NEXRAD located on Sulphur Mountain in Ventura County, California (completed)
  • Review the Department of Energy’s programs in fossil energy and energy conservation (completed)
  • Evaluate the Coeur D’Alene Basin, Idaho Superfund site (completed)
  • Review the procedures used by the States in setting individual State emission standards (completed)
  • Unless completed by the Interagency Working Group (IWG) within 60 days of enactment of this Act, review the current draft Dioxin Reassessment (completed)


107th Congress (2nd Session - 2002)

PL 107-368 -- National Science Foundation Authorization Act of 2002

  • Assess the need for an interagency program to establish and support fully equipped, state-of-the-art, university-based centers for interdisciplinary research and advanced instrumentation development (completed)
  • Conduct a study on setting priorities for a diverse array of disciplinary and interdisciplinary, Foundation-sponsored, large research facility projects (completed)
  • Assess gender differences in the careers of science and engineering faculty (completed)
  • Determine the source of discrepancies in Federal reports on obligations and actual expenditures of Federal research and development funding (completed)

PL 107-347 -- E-Government Act of 2002

  • Conduct a study on disparities in internet access for online government services

PL 107-330 -- Veterans Benefits Improvement Act of 2002

  • Review and assess the acoustic trauma associated with military service from World War II to the present (completed)

PL 107-314 -- Bob Stump National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003

  • Study the short-term and long-term effects of the use of a nuclear earth-penetrator weapon and other weapons on the target area (completed)
  • Assess the effectiveness of the Defense Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (DEPSCoR) in achieving program objectives

PL 107-305 -- Cyber Security Research and Development Act

  • During its 5th year, review the program established to assist institutions of higher education that enter into partnerships with non-profit entities to support research to improve the security of computer systems
  • Conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Nation’s network infrastructure and make recommendations for appropriate improvements (partially addressed by the NRC report, Toward a Safer and More Secure Cyberspace)

PL 107-299 -- National Sea Grant College Program Act Amendments of 2002

  • Three years from the date of this legislation’s enactment, review the effectiveness of the evaluation and rating system used to determine the relative performance of programs of sea grant colleges and institutions (completed)

PL 107-250 -- Medical Device User Fee and Modernization Act of 2002

  • Determine whether the system under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act for the postmarket surveillance of medical devices provides adequate safeguards regarding the use of devices in pediatric populations (completed)

PL 107-206 -- Supplemental Appropriations, FY2002

  • Conduct a study and report on the most recent scientific information on improving accessibility and quality of medical screening, education and referral services related to radiation exposure and associated cancers or other diseases, making recommendations on whether other classes of individuals or additional geographic areas should be covered under the Radiation Exposure Compensation Act (RECA) program (completed)

PL 107-188 -- Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002

  • Conduct a study to determine what is the most effective and safe way to distribute and administer potassium iodide tablets on a mass scale (completed)

PL 107-171 -- Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002

  • Study the implications of including rats, mice, and birds within the definition of animal under the regulations promulgated under the Animal Welfare Act


107th Congress (1st Session - 2001)

PL 107-116 -- Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2002

  • Assess the nature of childhood obesity in the United States and develop an action plan to decrease its prevalence that focuses on prevention (completed)
  • Develop a cost-effective strategy for reducing and preventing underage drinking (completed)

PL 107-109 -- Best Pharmaceuticals for Children Act

  • Review federal regulations, federally prepared and supported reports, and federally supported evidence-based research involving children and recommend best practices (completed)

PL 107-107 -- National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2002

  • Determine how the changes to the Air Force science and technology program implemented during the past two years affect the future capabilities of the Air Force (completed)
  • Study the review and approval process for new medical countermeasures for biological warfare agents (completed)

PL 107-103 -- Veterans Education and Benefits Expansion Act of 2001

  • Review all available scientific literature on the effects of exposure to an herbicide agent containing dioxin on the development of respiratory cancers in humans and whether it is possible to identify a period of time, after exposure to herbicides, when a presumption of service-connection for such exposure would not be warranted (completed)

PL 107-87 -- Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2002

  • Study the benefits and acceptability of technologies that may enhance seat belt usage in passenger vehicles, as well as any legislative or regulatory actions that may be necessary to enable installation of devices (completed)

PL 107-84 -- Muscular Dystrophy Community Assistance, Research and Education Amendments of 2001 (MD-CARE Act)

  • Study and make recommendations on the impact of, need for, and other issues associated with Centers of Excellence at the National Institutes of Health (completed)

PL 107-73 -- Departments of Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban Development, and Independent Agencies Appropriations Act, 2002

  • Expand the study [on the status of life and microgravity research as it relates to the International Space Station (ISS) from PL 106-391] to compare and evaluate the research programs of the ISS which can be accomplished with a crew of three and a crew of six; and, an assessment of the probable cost-benefit ratios of those programs, compared with earthbound research (completed)

PL 107-63 -- Department of the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2002

  • Examine the level and allocation of water resources research funded by all Federal agencies and by significant non-Federal organizations (completed)


106th Congress (2nd Session - 2000)

PL 106-554 -- Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2001

  • Study of coal waste impoundments and alternatives for future coal waste disposal (completed)
  • Study to evaluate the effectiveness of the current role and structure of the Ryan White CARE Act and the efforts to create a national consumer and provider education center within pediatric HIV/AIDS
  • Study of the structure of the National Institutes of Health (completed)
  • Study to evaluate risk assessment in relation to children’s health and safety (completed)
  • Study of the consequences of high stakes testing
  • Pursuant to HR2090, as passed by the House of Representatives on September 12, 2000, study of the feasibility and social value of a coordinated oceanography program (completed)
  • Conduct an independent scientific review of the November 30, 2000 Biological Opinion for the Bering Sea/Aleutian Islands and Gulf of Alaska groundfish fisheries (completed)
  • Study on Medicare coverage of routine thyroid screening (completed)
  • Conduct a comprehensive study and provide semiannual progress reports on how the SBIR program has stimulated technological innovation and used small businesses to meet federal research and development needs (completed)

PL 106-541 -- Water Resources Development Act of 2000

  • Study of the independent peer review of feasibility reports for water resources projects (completed)
  • Review of the methods used to conduct economic and environmental analyses of water resources projects (completed)
  • Biennial review of the progress of the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan (fourth in a series completed)

PL 106-528 -- Airport Security Improvement Act of 2000

  • Study of airport noise

PL 106-525 -- Minority Health and Health Disparities Research and Education Act of 2000

  • Study of the Department of Health and Human Services’ data collection systems and practices relating to the collection of data on race or ethnicity (completed)

PL 106-419 -- Veterans Benefits and Health Care Improvement Act of 2000

  • Review the dose reconstruction program of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (completed)

PL 106-398 -- National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2001

  • Evaluate the costs, benefits, and risks associated with various remediation alternatives for the cleanup of the Moab uranium milling site (completed)

PL 106-391 -- National Aeronautics and Space Administration Authorization Act of 2000

  • Jointly with the National Academy of Public Administration, study the status of life and microgravity research as it relates to the International Space Station (completed)
  • Review of efforts to determine the extent of life in the universe (completed)

PL 106-387 -- Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2001

  • Evaluate the role of scientifically determined criteria in the production and regulation of meat and poultry products (completed)

PL 106-377 -- Department of Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban Development, and Independent Agencies Appropriations Act, 2001

  • Study of carbon monoxide episodes in meterological and topographical problem areas (completed)
  • Review of the quality of science used to develop and implement TMDLs (completed)

PL 106-346 -- Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2001

  • Study on whether the static stability factor is a scientifically valid measurement in comparison to dynamic testing (completed)
  • Evaluate the effectiveness and impacts of CAFE standards (completed)

PL 106-345 -- Ryan White CARE Act Amendments of 2000

  • Study on reducing the incidence of perinatal transmission of HIV, including the barriers to testing
  • Study of the surveillance systems of States on the prevalence of HIV (completed)
  • Study of the appropriate epidemiological measures and their relationship to the financing and delivery of primary care and health-related support services for low-income, uninsured, and under-insured individuals with HIV disease (completed)

PL 106-310 -- Children’s Health Act of 2000

  • Determine the costs of immunosuppressive drugs provided to children pursuant to organ transplants and the extent to which health plans and health insurance cover such costs
  • Study issues related to the treatment of PKU and other metabolic disorders and mechanisms to assure access to effective treatment, including special diets
  • Conduct a study on the development of medications for the treatment of addiction to amphetamine and methamphetamine

PL 106-291 -- Department of the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2001

  • Conduct a study of Atlantic salmon (completed)
  • Address the potential of homogenous charge combustion ignition technology in the next annual review of the PNGV program (completed)

PL 106-193 -- Methane Hydrate Research and Development Act of 2000

  • Study of the progress made under the methane hydrate research and development program and recommendations for future needs (completed)

PL 106-181 -- Wendell H. Ford Aviation Investment and Reform Act for the 21st Century

  • Study of air quality in passenger cabins of aircraft used in air transportation and foreign air transportation (completed)

106th Congress (1st Session - 1999)

PL 106-129 -- Healthcare Research and Quality Act of 1999

  • Review of quality oversight, quality improvement and quality research programs in the health services (completed)

PL 106-113 -- An Act Making Consolidated Appropriations for the Fiscal Year Ending September 30, 2000 and for Other Purposes

  • Retrospective study of the costs and benefits of Federal research and development technologies in the areas of fossil energy and energy efficiency (completed)
  • Study of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s proposed rule relating to occupational exposure to tuberculosis (completed)
  • Study on ethnic bias in medicine [For more complete language, see the link to the House Report 106-370 within the Conference Report excerpt.] (completed)
  • Further language regarding the study on school violence from Public Law 106-71 [See the link to Public Law 106-71 within the Conference Report excerpt.] (completed)

PL 106-79 -- Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2000

  • Study of the effectiveness and safety of the anthrax vaccine (completed)

PL 106-74 -- Departments of Veterans Affairs, and Housing and Urban Development, and Independent Agencies Appropriations Act, 2000

  • Study of the effectiveness of clean air programs utilized by federal, state, and local governments (completed)
  • Conduct a cumulative impacts study of North Slope oil and gas development (completed)
  • Study of the availability and usefulness of data collected from all of NASA’s science missions
  • Evaluate the scientific goals of the Triana mission (completed)

PL 106-71 -- Missing, Exploited, and Runaway Children Protection Act

  • Conduct a study on the antecedents of school violence in urban, suburban, and rural schools (completed)

PL 106-69 -- Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2000

  • Study on privatizing the traffic management function within the FAA
RSS News Feed | Subscribe to e-newsletters | Feedback | Back to Top